architectural elements in interior design


Today's article is quite informative, as it contains the five most important, basic architectural elements used at any time, anywhere in the building, interior decoration and decoration of the premises.

It's about "five pillar architecture" elements, but we can not imagine a decoration of homes and public buildings, but they need to know about the details especially when you plan to start building your own home.


Columns – A vertical support structure, consisting of a base, bonfire and capitals.


In ancient Greek columns carrying an entablature and a roof that is supported with him. Romans, unlike the Greeks, the column is used for decorative purposes, and the preferred system arched columns.

Columns can match as Roman, balcony columns like Norman, independent, as Indian. The tribe, in turn, can be simple or ornate (by the way, used in modern decor, rather, more universal and democratic is the first option).

If you want to use the columns in the construction of residential buildings, you should know about the main order system with certain features for which the column belongs to a particular order.

three orders

Doric, seems the most simple ways the oldest, developed in Greece. The Doric columns consist of a low level, the monumental bonfire, concise capitals. Perfect for modern minimalist rooms, living rooms and halls in classic Mediterranean style.


Ionian order developed almost simultaneously with Doric, but the final form has acquired only to the middle of V. BC. Look at Ionic columns smarter: simple proportions, elegance more dissected forms, excessive use of decoration.

Characteristic of the ionic column required to establish it on the base, as well as the capital with a pillow topped with two spiral envelopes (swirls).

For installation eclectic decor ionic columns will be a full hit on goals as they can match a variety of shapes and colors of furniture.

Corinthian – the most varied and richly decorated, these columns are suitable for the pathetic interior, always with tall arches and luxurious furniture in historical styles.

Corinthian easiest again on its capital column, because the other part of it borrowed from the Ionic. The upper part of the column, the capital, resembles a basket, interlaced with akantus leaves (plants from the Mediterranean), bent in a spiral.


Arch design is called overlapping opening ivory or space between two supports. Usually the top of the arc is rounded, but the shape of it varies from semi-circular to lancet. Valves are often used as a support in the walls and house grounds.

The semi-circular arches in the interior

They are called French, and distinguishes this kind of arcs rounded tops, ornaments, and columns, as if wearing a load, but actually play the role of a decorative element.

The semi-circular vaults – one of the most versatile design possibilities for door and window openings to spaces in a classical style, eclectic and even grunge interior.

The pointed and horseshoe arch in INRE

Valv – is a reminder of gothic architecture, as well as a direct connection with Oriental flavor of Morocco. Horseshoe-shaped vault – is a tribute to Islamic architecture, it has an arc that extends beyond the heel of the bow, and can be either rounded or horseshoe with lance top.


Another, very beautiful and exquisite style vault, which follows the Roman model of semi-circular Capstone, fresh and ceilings, which lies within the classic orders.

In modern interiors, you can see the variation of the Renaissance vault, some extended and squat, which can accentuate the gap between two adjoining rooms, with the living room and dining room, kitchen and a corridor.


Only in the 1840s. We started making float glass, fine and quite wide, so you can admire the view, not broken into pieces arcs.

The earliest windows were unlashed by the walls, through which the room was given light and fresh air. A first window pane, performed as a functional and decorative role, appeared in Rome in about '65, but gained widespread glass panes in church architecture in XIII, and at home – in the XVI century.

If the importance of the windows in architectural aesthetics evidence evidenced the diversity of their styles and patterns of windows constantly depending on the development of the glass manufacturing process.

Lane window in the interior

Sharp pointed arc first appeared in Islamic architecture. This form is found in Gothic architecture, where the windows are additionally complemented with stained glass mosaics, and stone sculptures. It is remarkable that the later Gothic windows were deliberately revived in "ancient" form at the end of the XVIII century., And are often used by Victorian architects.

Currently the construction of house variations lane windows can be used to give the room a mysterious oriental character.

Round windows in Interior

The window-rose – a smart imitation flower or spikes in a wheel, architectural elements in the design of the windows, which was very popular in the architecture of Roman-style buildings.

Now round windows are the same spectacular decoration of the house, both inside and outside, but it's a simplified version of "Rose" with thin frames or not at all without them.

Round windows are called "light" and are used in high room country houses on top of the wall to better illuminate the interior space.

bay window

Beginners and windows of alcoves in favor of building a wall. Most interestingly decorated, transmit the more light than a window.

Alkov windows have always been located on the upper floors, but square and angle types can be placed on all floors.

The interior of the Bay Area can serve for creativity, work at the desk, or used to host the group dining room kitchen, dining room or living room.

french bay

French windows – a variant of the window frame, increased to the door size and starts right from the floor. As an arc, French windows can be opened either inward or outward.

The apartments French windows can be at the same time exit on a balcony or terrace and are located in the lower floor of a house – to go to the garden or conservatory.


Venetian Bay

This type of window consists of three parts-central vaulted doorway and two narrow side openings with a flat top. Venetian windows, also called "serlianskogo" or "Palladian" to commemorate the Italian architect Andrea Palladio and Sebastiano Serlio, popularized it.

thermal bay

A semi-circular window divided into three lumen positions, called Mullions. Particularly popular with this type of window was palladianism, and based on samples found in the baths of Diocletian in Rome, where he is also called "diocletianskim".

For the interior the presence of the thermal window is very successful because this type of use in the design is quite rare and designers and architects tend to romanticize semi-circular, incredibly ornate windows.

lift bay

Glassed windows in a wooden case, lifted and lowered with a pulley. It was especially popular in the XVIII-XIX centuries. and it is associated with the Georgian era in architecture. There is also, the English version, for example, Yorkshire windows are shifted aside.


For modern decor, the indicator of exceptional taste endorses owners, their status and also quite classic, but because of a win-win and timeless elements that can transform low-key or add a refined interior.

Gavlar – distinctive for classical andimitating the classical architecture – a sloping side of the roof, which is usually above the portik. Pediments are often decorated with high relief sculpture that corresponds to the overall theme of the building.

The interior of the gables, which are often used as architectural motifs framed windows and doors.

Classical pediments in the interior

Renaissance architecture is used in large-scale classical forms as internal and external decorative elements. Today, windows and doors, massive furniture can be decorated with columns, pilasters and pediments with steep slopes, edged arrow-shaped lists.

broken gables

The shape of the shape can vary frasegmental curved triangular up, but also popular special type – broken pediments, the circuit is divided to open either at the top or bottom.

With the passage of time and changing styles of architecture, new forms of gables were invented, such as worn on top, topped the toes.

pediment decoration

When decoration of pediments was central to Dutch and Nordic knowledge, therefore, it becomes particularly clever and expressive: a concave and convex lines, rocks, relief decoration, sculptural shapes.

Today, these fragments can safely compete with regular wallpapers, or completely replace it. For example, over the head in the bed, on the wall near the dining table, in the space between the vaulted openings.


This has become an important part of the Roman period before and beginning settled consisted of two parallel walls, gradually leaning each other and connected keystone at the top.

Cathedrals of the medieval vault were an essential part of the huge cathedrals, while at the top of them, if not obey gravity.

In our opinion, particular attention should currently be the cylindrical and crossroads that form an all-embracing genuine atmosphere in the house premises.

The cylindrical body of the interior

Cylindrical or Prussian arches – concave, same for the entire length of the arc, are the most important and oldest species occurring in the IX. BC Cylindrical arcs were constructed on the basis of wooden skeleton shapes disassembled after the rocks to form a full arch support.

Crossroads INRE

When two cylindrical arches intersect sharp angles, they form protrusions or ribs. In those cases where these edges lie on stone bridges, formed loins, it is called sailing.

This type of arch looks really weightless, creating a similarity of the dome over the room. Consensus, boring space under the cross vault simply can not be.

The simplest is a crossbar, of course, the shape of the cross, but in some Gothic cathedrals you can see a complex system of primary, or hill edges, secondary (terseronov) and tertiary (stellate) edges.